You should be able to see how much you can spend on a car loan by seeing how much income you have left after deducting the usual expenses. Another good rule of thumb is to limit your car payments to no more than 15% of your pre-tax income.
When it’s time to choose a make and model of car, you may also want to use an online car affordability calculator, like the one on Edmunds or Cars.com.
You can also seek preapproval from a lender. When you get preapproved, the lender will examine your finances, income, and credit score and determine how much they’ll let you borrow. This can also help you narrow down your choice of car.