Nuclear Powered Cars Could Be the Future of EVs

Lithium-ion batteries run the EV market nowadays, but what are our other options? Nuclear energy could be one. Though there are issues to work out, nuclear energy could certainly be a viable way to power cars, with very little fuel required to produce huge amounts of power.
Written by Hannah DeWitt
Reviewed by Kathleen Flear
We've all heard that internal combustion engines are on their way out, thanks to the arrival of more eco-friendly technology such as
electric cars
. But did you know there's actually a long history of attempts to design nuclear-powered cars as well? Sounds outlandish, but it's true. 
Read on to learn more from
about the various nuclear-powered cars that have made it at least as far as the drawing board through the years. 

Could a thorium-powered car be feasible?

One potential nuclear fuel that could be used to power vehicles, at least in theory, is thorium. In fact,
Interesting Engineering
recently provided a rundown on a 2009 project called the Cadillac World Thorium Fueled Concept Car.
Just what is thorium? Like uranium, it's a nuclear fuel, but it's much less radioactive than many other nuclear fuels out there. It's also much more abundant, making it a potential resource for those hoping to design a nuclear-powered car. 
Cadillac's thorium-based concept car made its debut at the 2009 Chicago Auto Show as a display piece. It never actually had a nuclear reactor installed, however, and never moved into the actual production stage. 
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A look back at the history of nuclear-powered cars 

Cadillac was far from the first car company to think about the possibility of a nuclear-powered vehicle. Decades earlier, for example, Ford had come up with its own nuclear-powered concept car.
Known as the Nucleon, this Ford car was conceived of at the height of the Cold War in 1958, when the world was somewhat obsessed with all things nuclear power. Had the car ever made it from drawing board to reality, it would have had a range of 5,000 miles without refueling. 
Even the Nucleon had predecessors in the world of theoretical nuclear cars. The first nuclear car was proposed as far back as 1903. A Caltech physicist also proposed a vehicle powered by uranium-235 in 1941. 

Nuclear power cars are still on the table

You'd think that by now, with all of these dream nuclear vehicles that failed to make it to reality, engineers would have moved on from the idea. But surprisingly, the idea continues to hold water for the true believers who think that it's only a matter of time until we're all driving cars and trucks powered by nuclear fuel. 
The truth is that we probably do currently have the technology necessary to build reactor cores small enough to fit in your average vehicle. The problem is figuring out what to do about the thermal energy they produce while creating mechanical energy. 
Another intriguing idea that has been floated is the use of something known as an "atomic battery." The advantage of this approach is that these batteries already exist. They're used to power spacecraft, for example. If scientists can figure out how to harness this technology for the personal transportation sector while protecting consumers from the dangers of radiation, we could see a true revolution in the automotive fuel sector. 

Get insured with Jerry's help

Nuclear power may be a fuel of the future, but right now you've got to deal with the present. And no matter how you slice it, owning a car these days requires having insurance. 
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