study looked at 10 metrics surrounding the purchase and ownership of EVs. Half were financial aspects, while the other half were infrastructure related.
Each state was rated according to the amount of tax incentives and rebates they had for EV owners, average gas prices, charging costs, average commute times, and the average cost of a gas-powered car compared to an EV in the state.
The states were also rated based on how many new charging stations have been added since 2017, the number of charging stations per 100,000 people, EV charging ports per 100 charging stations, EV ports per 100 registered vehicles, and the percentage of EV registrations.
Washington and California rank highly overall, but the states in the top spots have varying ratings across the categories.
, Colorado, Massachusetts, and California, with Washington in first place. In the last five spots are Alaska, Alabama, South Carolina, Mississippi, and South Dakota, with Alaska being the worst state to be an EV owner.
Washington greatly surpasses other states in financial incentives offered to EV owners. Illinois is the second-best state for EV incentives. However, Washington is not in the top five for EV infrastructure, which is a crucial factor for EV owners.
In terms of the number of EV owners, California leads the pack by a mile with 425,300 registered EVs. This represents 41.7% of the nation's registered EVs, with the second-highest percentage being Florida's 5.7%. Washington follows Florida with 5% of the nation’s EVs.
Even so, California’s electric cars only make up 1.36% of the state’s registered vehicles, meaning the U.S. is still far from a full transition to EVs.
How does the U.S. compare to other countries transitioning to EVs?
Though the U.S. is making progress, it's slow, and well behind efforts in countries like Norway and Iceland with EVs making up over 40% of registered vehicles. Infrastructure growth will be a necessary component for making EVs a more enticing investment.
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Hannah is a recent college graduate with a degree in English Creative Writing from Seattle Pacific University. Currently located in Washington State, she's interested in applying her craft in news areas across new subjects, using her skills to stretch her comfort zone. Outside of writing articles about cars and insurance, Hannah is drawn to Creative Nonfiction writing, though she loves a good fiction book. In her free time, Hannah enjoys reading, playing basketball, sunny hikes in the PNW, and flexing her creative muscles through art.