What are the three steps in the driving task?

I need to know them for a test tomorrow in driver’s ed. I don’t remember what they are and I forgot to write them down! Please help! What is the three-step method for driving?

Liz Jenson · Updated on
Reviewed by Shannon Martin, Licensed Insurance Agent.
Most often, students learn the four principles of defensive driving in driver’s ed: identify, predict, decide, and execute. But some instructors might combine the last two principles and discuss just three steps related to the driving task.
Regardless, here are the steps:
  1. Identify:
    Remain alert
    to any potential dangers on the road. This could include someone driving recklessly, a weather warning on the radio, or emergency lights up ahead.
  2. Predict: Predict what those around you will do. If you see a stopped car ahead, you’ll need to anticipate whether or not they will move before you reach them.
  3. Decide: Sometimes you’ll have to make a choice very quickly to avoid an accident if you come across a hazard in your path.
  4. Execute: Finally, you’ll need to execute (or carry out) the decision you’ve made. Since this is so closely tied to step 3—and must happen in such close succession—it isn’t always listed as its own step.
Together, the four steps are often referred to as the IPDE method of defensive driving. Sticking to these principles is a great way to stay safe on the road.
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