What are brake pads made of?

I took my car in for an inspection, and the mechanic told me that I’ll need to replace my brake pads within the next 5,000 miles. He’s recommending that I use ceramic pads, but I thought they were made out of metal. What are brake pads made of?

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Answer provided by
Rachel Rigolino
Answered on Apr 21, 2022
Great question! As it turns out, brake pads are made out of a variety of materials, as this chart demonstrates:
MaterialProsCons
Organic: grass, fiber, rubberInexpensiveWears out sooner
Semi-metallic: metal shavings with resinGood for extreme temps and heavy-duty useCan be noisy
Ceramic: ceramic fibersLong-lastingExpensive
Now, keep in mind that experts often recommend you replace both your brake pads and rotors at the same time. The average cost to replace brake pads and rotors will be $500-$700.
When you schedule your brake pad replacement, you can discuss these options with your mechanic.
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