Power Steering Fluid For a 2009 Ford Escape

The 2009 Ford Escape works with an electric power steering system, so there is no power steering fluid involved.
Written by Abbey Orzech
Reviewed by Melanie Reiff
The 2009 Ford Escape has an electric power steering system rather than a hydraulic power steering system. This means you won’t use power steering fluid in the steering system. In most cases, if an issue arises, you’ll need to bring your Escape to a mechanic. 
It can sometimes sound cool if you’re whipping around a corner and your tires let out a piercing screech against the blacktop. But if your steering wheel is making that noise, it is significantly less cool—and it’s cause for worry since it can mean there is an issue in your power steering system. 
If you’re experiencing this or other symptoms of a problematic power steering system in the 2009 Ford Escape, you’ll probably have to bring your car to a mechanic to fix it. Here to explain more about electric power steering, its issues, and how to solve them is
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Does the 2009 Ford Escape use power steering fluid?

Power steering was a nifty invention that allowed more than just those with ample upper body strength to drive. Power steering systems have traditionally used power steering fluid and hydraulic power. More recently, however, there has been a shift to electric power steering that does not require power steering fluid. 
The Escape models from 2008 and onward have electric power steering systems, so the 2009 Ford Escape does not use power steering fluid. Instead, electric sensors guide the steering system and help you control your vehicle at different speeds and driving conditions. 
MORE: How to check and add power steering fluid

Common problems with the 2009 Ford Escape power steering

Electric power steering systems were the upgrade to hydraulic power steering systems, but they are not without flaws. 
Though electric systems have their benefits—namely, never having to worry about power steering fluid again—their issues are less convenient to fix as you typically need to recruit a certified mechanic’s help
Power steering issues in the 2009 Ford Escape you may experience are:
  • Illuminated dashboard lights. Look for the EPS (electronic power steering) or
    check engine light
  • Loud noises from the steering column. It may screech, scream, grind, or squeal. 
  • A lack of power steering. If your power steering goes out or has an internal system issue, it will become difficult to steer and control your vehicle. 
  • Misalignment. You may notice this as a pull to one side of the road or the need to muscle into a specific direction. 

Should I fix it myself or take it to a mechanic?

If you suspect there’s an issue with your 2009 Ford Escape power steering system, the best move is to head to your mechanic. Electric power steering system repairs need a bit more know-how than simply changing or refilling the power steering fluid, so it’s best to leave it to a professional.
If you’re not sure that the problem is in your power steering or aren’t ready to bring in the mechanic just yet, try these tests to attempt to fix the issue: 
  • Disconnect and reconnect the battery. Any component of your car that uses electricity (like your electric power steering) will experience a reset. It could help whatever problem you’re having but it may only be temporary. 
  • Get a battery test. You can test the number of volts coming from your battery with a voltmeter or at an auto shop. The results will give you a better idea of what you’re dealing with. 
  • Jumpstart your battery. A jumpstart recharges your battery! Just drive around for 10 to 20 minutes afterward to let the battery charge up.  
Still hearing strange noises or having trouble turning in one direction? Bring your car to a mechanic so they can diagnose and fix the problem with their expertise and high-quality tools. 

Cost to repair a 2009 Ford Escape’s power steering

Heading into an auto repair shop without any idea of what you’ll be paying is scary. But ultimately, the cost of a 2009 Ford Escape power steering repair will depend on what the problem is
You’ll also need to factor in your location and which repair shop you visit, but you can expect a mechanic bill that is at least $300 for an electrical system repair. 
If the issue lies with the entire steering rack module or steering column, you’ll be looking at an average repair cost of around $1,200. That is not a cheap repair which is why it’s important to have a certified mechanic work on your vehicle—they can correct the issue rather than make things worse. 

When do you change a Ford Escape’s power steering fluid?

If you’re rolling with a Ford Escape from 2007 or earlier, it’s recommended that you change the power steering fluid every two years or 75,000 miles—whichever marker you hit first. 
For a 2008 Ford Escape and the years beyond, you’re not going to have to worry about changing the power steering fluid. Instead, you’ll want to keep your senses on alert for any suspicious power steering behavior like:
  • Illuminated EPS or check engine light.
  • Loud noises around your steering column.
  • Difficulty steering.

How to save money on Ford insurance

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No, but only because the 2009 Ford Escape doesn’t have any power steering fluid to replace! It uses an electric power steering system, so if there is an issue, you’ll likely need to see a mechanic.
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