Texting and Driving Laws, Explained

Compare quotes from 50+ top insurance companies for free with Jerry
No long forms · No spam · No fees
Find insurance savings (100% Free)
WHY YOU CAN TRUST JERRY
Jerry partners with more than 50 insurance companies, but our content is independently researched, written, and fact-checked by our team of editors and agents. We aren’t paid for reviews or other content.
Lawmakers in every state except Montana have enacted laws concerning texting and driving.
Texting while driving pulls your attention away from the road and leads to preventable accidents. In order to stop the practice of texting and driving, local law enforcement issues citations, fines, and even jail time in extreme cases.
Find out more below from car insurance shopping app Jerry about the penalties for texting and driving by state, as well as some apps that can prevent you from texting and driving.
Let Jerry find your price in only 45 seconds
No spam · No long forms · No fees
Find insurance savings (100% Free)

Texting while driving laws by state

The dangers of texting and driving have led to many states enacting laws either partially or totally prohibiting the act. You might have some confusion as to the texting and driving laws in your state. The table below shows the laws and penalties in various states when it comes to texting and driving:
StateCell phone handheld use banText messaging while driving banPenalties for cell phone use and texting while driving (as of October 2021)
AlabamaNoAll drivers (Primary)First offense: $25 fine; second offense: $50 fine; subsequent offenses: $75 fine
AlaskaYesAll driversClass A Misdemeanor, up to $10,000 fine and one year in prison
ArizonaYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: $75-$149; subsequent offenses: $150-$250
CaliforniaYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: $20 base fine plus surcharge; subsequent offenses: fine of $50 plus surcharge
ColoradoNoAll driversFirst offense: class 2 misdemeanor and fine of $300 and $50 for minors; subsequent offenses for minors: fine of $100
ConnecticutYes (Primary)All driversFine of up to $125 fine
DelawareYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: $100 fine; subsequent offenses: $200-$300 fine
D.C.Yes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: $50 fine; subsequent offenses: $100-$200 fine
FloridaNoAll driversFirst offense: $30 base fine plus surcharge; subsequent offenses: $60 fine plus surcharge
GeorgiaYes (Primary)All drivers$50 fine first-time offense, $100 second, $150 subsequent
HawaiiYes (Primary)All drivers$250 fine
IdahoYes (Primary)All drivers$75 fine first-time offense, $150 second, $300 subsequent, plus court costs
IllinoisYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: $75; second offense: $100; subsequent offenses: $125
IndianaYes (Primary)All driversFine of up to $500
IowaNoAll driversFine of $30; fine of $50 for drivers under 18
KansasNoAll driversFine of $60
KentuckyYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: fine of $25; subsequent offenses: fine of $50
LousianaLearner or Intermediate License (regardless of age). Drivers in school zones (Primary)All driversFirst offense: fine of $175; subsequent offenses: fine of $500
MaineYes (Primary)All driversFine of at least $250, and possible license suspension
MarylandYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: fine of $75; Second offense: fine of $125, subsequent offenses: fine of $175
MassachusettsYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: fine of $100; second offense: fine of $250; subsequent offenses: fine of $500
MichiganNoAll driversFirst offense: $100 fine; subsequent offenses: fine of $200
MinnesotaYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: fine of $50; subsequent offenses: fine of $275, plus surcharge
MississippiNoAll driversFine of $100, $500 for learner drivers and bus drivers
MissouriNoDrivers under 21Fine of $200 for drivers under 21
MontanaNoNo banNo penalty
NebraskaNoAll driversFirst offense: fine of up to $200; second offense: fine of $300; subsequent offenses: fine of $500
NevadaYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: fine of $50; second offense within seven years: fine of $100; subsequent offenses within seven years: fine of $150
New HampshireYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: fine of $100; subsequent offenses: fine of $250; subsequent offenses within twenty-four months: fine of $500
New JerseyYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: fine of up to $400; subsequent offenses: fine of up to $600
New MexicoNoAll driversFirst offense: $25 fine; subsequent offenses: $50 fine
New YorkYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: $50-100 fine; second offense within eighteen months: $50-$200 fine; subsequent offenses: $50-$400 fine
North CarolinaNoAll driversFine of $100
North DakotaNoAll drivers$25 for drivers under eighteen
Northern Mariana IslandsYes (Primary)All driversFines from $300-$500
OhioNoAll driversFirst offense: $150 fine and sixty-day license suspension; penalty doubles for second offense
OklahomaLearner or Intermediate (Primary)All driversPotentially a $100 fine
OregonYes (Primary)All driversFirst offense: fines up to $1,000; second offense: up to $2,000 fine; subsequent offenses within ten years: charged with misdemeanor, up to $2,500 in fines, and six months in jail
PennsylvaniaNoAll driversFine of $50, plus surcharge
Puerto RicoYes (Primary)All driversFine of $50

Apps that help prevent texting while driving

In order to prevent texting while driving, you can download apps to you or your teen's mobile device. These apps work by either shutting down a device's ability to text altogether or by notifying a parent when teens do use a device while driving.
Texting and driving can lead to an accident, causing damage, injury, and possibly death, which is why it is important that you refrain from the practice.
Most states across the U.S. now outlaw cell phone use or texting while driving, giving out fines and other penalties to offenders. If you have trouble not texting while driving, use one of the available apps mentioned above to curtail the activity.
RECOMMENDED
Haven’t shopped for insurance in the last six months? There might be hundreds $$$ in savings waiting for you.
avatar
Judith switched to Progressive
icon savingsSaved $725 annually
avatar
Alexander switched to Travelers
icon savingsSaved $834 annually
avatar
Annie switched to Nationwide
icon savingsSaved $668 annually

Easiest way to compare and buy car insurance

√
No long forms
√
No spam or unwanted phone calls
√
Quotes from top insurance companies
Find insurance savings — it's 100% free